Career in MBBS: Full Form, Courses, Skill Required, & Eligibility Criteria

MBBS is an undergraduate program that is incited after completing class 10+2. MBBS is a well-known profession and has much value addition. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.
Career in MBBS: Full Form, Courses, Skill Required, & Eligibility Criteria

Career in MBBS

MBBS is an undergraduate program that is incited after completing class 10+2. MBBS is a well-known profession and has much value addition. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of SurgeryMBBS’s duration is of 5.5 years along with the last 1 year being assigned for an internship in various departments of medicine. The syllabus of MBBS is allotted into 9 broad semesters including subjects like Anatomy, Pediatrics, Pathology, Physiology, Biochemistry, Community Medicine, Surgery, and many others. In the hospital and pharmaceutical sector, there are adequate job opportunities for MBBS students


The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery and is the course for the aspirants who wants to become a doctor and are continuing the five-year degree program in medicine. The word MBBS is derived from a Latin word Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae.


Course NameBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Eligibility10+2 with physics, chemistry and biology
Duration5.5 years
Average FeeRs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000
Average SalaryRs. 360,000 per annum
Career OpportunitiesPhysician,Doctor,Endocrinologist,Pathologist,Neurologist,Cardiologist,Gynaecologist


  • MBBS is a 5.5 year (4.5 years academic education + 1-year mandatory internship) UG degree program leading to two degrees as Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.
    • MBBS is one of the vastly sought programs after the 12th science in the medical field. 
  • There are so many colleges and universities from across the countries which recommend the MBBS course.
  • Admission to MBBS Colleges in India is done only on the basis of  NEET exam scores
  • Before applying for the exam, the aspirants must check the eligibility criteria first. 

The MBBS is the only program in India to become a professional medical doctor. The MBBS course involves basic subjects like physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, anatomy, pharmacology, and pathology. It is a course with hands-on training five years long. The students interact with the patient and get practical knowledge of diseases.


  • Must have the team leadership qualities 
  •  Have helping nature
  • Adequate Stamina
  • Reliable Attitude
  • Tolerance and Compassion
  • Constant updating of skills and knowledge
  • Mental alertness at all times


NEET Qualifying ExamsPassed 12th with Physics, Chemistry Biology from a recognized institute
Minimum Age Requirement for NEET17 years
MBBS Entrance examsNEET
Qualifying MarksUnreserved - 50%, OBC/ST/SC - 40%, PwD - 45%



NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Exam) is the only exam for MBBS admission. NEET is conducted in offline mode. Scholars get admission for MBBS, BDS, AYUSH, and Nursing through NEET. All the government and private medical colleges will offer admission under 15% AIQ and 85% State level quota seats. Top medical colleges in India like JIPMER, AIIMS, PGIMER take admission through NEET Exam. 


NEET Exam is a National Eligibility Entrance exam for MBBS, BSc Nursing,  BDS, AYUSH, Veterinary, etc. On average 15-16 Lakh students apply for NEET exam annually. 

NEET Exam AnnouncedTo be announced
NEET Exam Admit Card3 days before exam
NEET ExamDate To be announced
NEET ResultsDate To be announced


  • After finalizing the MBBS degree successfully, the aspirant has 2 major options to choose from: either start their endeavor or go for a job in the medical field. 
  • Aspirants can also opt for government jobs as a doctor or join a private health firm. There are decent future domains in the field of medicine.
  • The aspirant can work in the medical college, hospitals, nursing homes, health corporations, health ministry, medical health society, back office medical consultancy, and pharmaceutical industries, also work as a physician, prescribes medicines & treatment for the disease, research while surgeons perform operations.
  • Many Medical Graduates are much in demand to study & research the different areas in Bio-Engineering.

The job profiles of the MBBS may be the following

  • Junior doctors
  • Doctors
  • Physician
  • Junior Surgeons
  • Medical Professor or Lecturer
  • Researcher
  • Scientist


  • Hospitals
  • Laboratories
  • Biomedical Companies
  • Nursing Homes
  • Medical Colleges
  • Health Centers
  • Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Companies


  • After finishing the MBBS degree, every aspirant expects to know about their earnings. 
  • The salary of the MBBS graduate depends upon the knowledge & experience the one haves. 
  • The initial salary of a medical graduate doctor may be Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month. 
  • After getting the experience and good hands on in this field, the aspirant may get the handsome salary as 8 to 10 lakh per annum.


MBBS 1st Year Subjects 
2nd Year MBBS Subjects
Community MedicinePharmacology
Forensic Medicine and ToxicologyClinical postings in Wards
3rd Year MBBS Subjects
Community MedicineENT
Final Year MBBS Subjects
PsychiatryDermatology and Venereology
OrthopedicsObstetrics and Gynecology


B. D Chaurasia's Human Anatomy For Upper Limb, Lower Limb, Thorax And AbdomenHead and Neck By Vishram Singh
Clinical Anatomy By SnellGray's Anatomy For Students By Henry Gray
Textbook of Physiology By A. K. JainMedical Physiology By Guyton And Hall
Carbs, Proteins and Fat Metabolism By SatyanarayanMolecular Biology By Vasudevan


MS CourseMS or Master of Surgery is a master level program of duration for 2 years. In this program, aspirants gain knowledge as well as skills deeming surgical pieces of training.

Aspirants are eligible to pursue the MS course only if they have an MBBS degree. The average fee for the MS course is INR 10,000 to INR 5 lakhs. The average salary for MS graduates in India ranges between INR 4 to INR 35 lakhs.

MD CourseMD or Doctor of Medicine course is the most pursued program after the MBBS degree. This course explores the ways of aspirants studying, preventing, diagnosing and treating various adult diseases. For being eligible for MD Course, the aspirant must have an MBBS degree from any recognized educational institute.

The average fee for the MD course is INR 1-2 Lac, whereas the average starting salary for MD graduates is INR 3-6 Lac.

MBA—Numerous aspirants incite for the MBA course after the MBBS, to explore knowledge in a variety of fields. It is primarily a 2-year master level degree where students learn various management skills. Aspirants generally need to get qualified in the entrance exams to get admission to this course. The average fees for MBA program is INR 2 to 20 LPA, and the average salary for MBA graduates is INR 8,00,000 – INR 20,00,000.


Job ProfileAverage Salary
Medical SurgeonINR 10 Lakhs per annum
DieticianINR 5 Lakhs per annum
PhysicianINR 6 Lakhs per annum
PediatricianINR 5.4 Lakhs per annum
Medical OfficerINR 7 Lakhs per annum
Medical CoderINR 4 Lakhs per annum


Aspirants after MBBS degree can go for various MBBS Govt Jobs in prominent sectors such as Indian Railways and the Indian Army.

MBBS Government Jobs in Indian Railways

  • The minimum eligibility criteria to apply for MBBS govt. Jobs in the railways are that aspirants must be at least an MBBS graduate. 
  • The average MBBS salary in the Indian Railways is INR 9,50,000. 
  • Aspirants often have to take the PPB entrance to secure the MBBS govt. jobs in the Railways.

MBBS Government Jobs in Indian Army

  • Another popular MBBS govt. Jobs are the recruitment of doctors in the Armed forces. The aspirants can get recruited as medical officers in the armed forces (Indian Army, Air force, or Navy). 
  • The average MBBS salary in India for doctors who serve the Indian Army is INR 9,70,000 to INR 13,20,000.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What are the different specializations in the MBBS course program?

Ans. Different specializations in the MBBS course are as follows:-
General Medicine,
General Surgery,
Obstetrics & Gynecology,
ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)

Q2. What are the eligibility criteria for applying for an MBBS course Abroad?

Ans. The main requirements for applying for an MBBS abroad degree are:
A student should be NEET Qualified
A student should have got more than 50 % marks in PCB in class 12th
A student should be below 30 years of age
A student should have a valid passport
A student should not have any criminal background

Q3. Is it necessary to qualify for the NEET exam for MBBS to get admission in private colleges?

Ans. Yes, it is necessary to qualify for the NEET exam to get admission in private as well as government colleges. NEET exam is the most common Entrance test to get admission in medical colleges. But some private colleges grant admission based on 10+2 results.

Q4. Which are the popular universities in China to pursue an MBBS course and what are the average tuition fees?

Ans. Some of the best and most popular universities in China are Ningbo University, Jiangsu University, Wuhan University, Southeast University, and Huazhong University of Science & Technology. The average tuition fee for MBBS is INR 20 – 35 Lakhs.

Q5. Can we do MBBS through Distance Education?

Ans. No, no college provides MBBS through Distance Education. MBBS course is a practical-based course program so it is not possible to complete MBBS through Distance Education.

Q6. Does variation in MBBS medical college influence the medical career in the future? What are some worthy tips and explanations?

Ans. For UG prospective it doesn’t, but for PG it surely will. Get an MBBS from any college recognised by mci in India, MBBS from Every college in India, be it a private or government is more or less same, but for PG clinical exposure is more important so, by the point of doctor vs patients ratio government colleges are by par the best.

Q7. What are the things that I should keep in mind if I am starting my career in MBBS as a hostel student?

Ans. Living in a hostel is a totally different ball game and there are too many variations to generalize. I spent my MBBS years in a hostel so just some tips based on my experience.
Don’t choose your best friend to be your roommate. This has a great potential to screw up your friendship.
Discuss right up front and set personal spaces and boundaries with your roommate.
Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
Engage and be friendly with as many people as you can. Treat your seniors with respect.
MBBS usually involves a lot of late night studying – but not all students are night owls. Keep a night lamp handy in case your roommate is someone who can’t stay up late and can’t sleep with the lights on ( like me lol).
Enjoy your Independence and use the experience to strengthen your personality.

Q8. What are best career options for one who has not been selected in MBBS entrance?

Ans. You have lots of option. You can try form some other entrance examinations. Many of the private universities also offering MBBS program which are quiet good. Apart from this you have options like BDS, BHMS, BUMS, BAMS, B.Pharma, Biotechnology, Biomedical Engineering, Bioinformatics, Medical Microbiology, Bachelor of Physiotherapy, Environmental Science, Nanotechnology, Clinical Research, Psychology, Counsellor, Agriculture Science, Veterinary Science, etc.

Q9. What is a career in psychiatry after MBBS?

Ans. In my view, the role of a psychiatrist in our country is increasing day by day. The number of medical colleges is also increasing rapidly. There are so many corporate hospitals. Hence the demand for psychiatrists is very good. But don’t go as per demand. It is you who should have a real interest to be a psychiatrist.

Q10. What are the different career options after an MBBS? What is the scope?

Ans. You can opt for post-graduation MD/MS/DNB by sitting for neet. You could apply for USMLE exams. You can also prepare for an MBA ( one of my seniors got into IIM A ) or civil service exams ( one of my classmates is pursuing IPS ). You can also pursue research after MBBS (research would be better in the USA ). You can also do MSc in non-clinical subjects. Or you can open your clinic and practice after completing MBBS.

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