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MBBS – Everything You Need to Know

Getting a degree in Medicine is one of the most popular but also challenging degrees. To become a doctor or health practitioner, future students must complete an intensive academic program followed by a residency programme. However, if the goal is to save lives and help people live healthy lives, the effort is well worth it.

 Saurav Anand 11/04/2022

MBBS- Everything You Need to Know

 Getting a degree in Medicine is one of the most popular but also challenging degrees. To become a doctor or health practitioner, future students must complete an intensive academic program followed by a residency programme. However, if the goal is to save lives and help people live healthy lives, the effort is well worth it.

Aspirants who want to become doctors can pursue an MBBS degree as an undergraduate course. Medical science degrees include the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). An MBBS degree entitles one to become a certified physician. Students enrolled in the MBBS program complete a five-year, six-month program, one of which involves rotational internships at hospitals, health centers, and health camps run by non-profit organizations (NGOs). Students study anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, pediatrics, and surgery as part of the MBBS course syllabus. This curriculum is designed to allow MBBS graduates to choose their specialized fields for further specialization and practice. An MBBS student's career specializations include nephrology, cardiology, gynecology, anaesthesiology, organ transplant, endocrinology, general surgery, etc.

MBBS Highlights:

Course NameBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Eligibility10+2 with physics, chemistry and biology
Duration5.5 years
Average FeeRs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000
Average SalaryRs. 360,000 per annum


There are many specializations of medical training in India, including Medical and Biomedical Sciences, Pharmacy, Allied Health, Nursing, Health, and Fitness. As part of Medical and Health Sciences courses, students are required to learn and adhere to the Hippocratic Oath, which states that as a medical professional, one needs to practice medicine honestly and ethically in all areas such as patient care, teaching, and research. A degree in Medicine or Health Science can lead to employment opportunities in hospitals as well as private clinics in the Healthcare industry. Those who graduate from Medical or Health Science programs can work in research centres, laboratories, and pharmaceutical companies. Medical tourism, health insurance, and telecommunications and IT are among the largest part of healthcare, which includes hospitals, medical equipment, clinical procedures, and medical equipment and supplies.

A degree in a medical specialization is required for careers in medicine and health science. There are top Medical colleges in India offering numerous undergraduate, postgraduate, doctoral, diploma, and certificate courses in medical and health science. Some popular MBBS specializations are:

  • Ophthalmology
  • General Surgery
  • Orthopaedics
  • Paediatrics
  • ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Anaesthesiology

Skills Required for MBBS:

To practice medicine and health sciences, practitioners must possess the necessary skills

  • Adaptability to a dynamic and challenging environment
  • Integrity and professionalism in the practice of medicine
  • The desire to gain knowledge and learn new research
  • The ability to conduct scientific research
  • Ability to recall information quickly
  • The ability to communicate interpersonally
  • A counseling and caring approach
  • Ability to be approachable and empathic
  • Skills required for medical writing
  • Perseverance and patience

Top MBBS Colleges in India:

  • AIIMS - All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
  • King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
  • Madras Medical College, Chennai
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • St. Johns Medical College, Bangalore

Eligibility Criteria

Students must meet the requirements for a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS) or MBBS degree. In addition, students should be aware of the basic requirements for pursuing a medicine or surgery bachelor's degree, including course comprehension. MBBS admission is based on the following eligibility requirements:

  • Although criteria for the minimum percentage of marks may differ, general applicants should have scored at least 50% on the intermediate exam
  • Registration in the MBBS program requires a minimum age of 17 years.
  • To be admitted, applicants must pass the entrance examination
  • Candidates should have taken Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as mandatory subjects in their 10 + 2 programs.
  • Reserved category candidates must attain a minimum 40 percent percentile.
  • The maximum age restriction for applying for the MBBS program is 25 years

Subjects in MBBS

A MBBS course curriculum encompasses not only learning about everything around the medical industry, but also learning ethical practices, as well as allowing students to volunteer and intern.

Following is the list of subjects in MBBS:

AnatomyDermatology & Venereology
PhysiologyObstetrics & Gynecology
Forensic Medicine & ToxicologyOphthalmology
Community MedicineSurgery

MBBS Admission in India:

The MBBS course offered in medical colleges across India is among the top courses in India. Despite this, hundreds of thousands of students are vying for limited seats at Indian medical colleges. A national-level entrance test for MBBS has been established to help the government identify meritorious students from across the country. In order to pursue the program anywhere in India, aspirants must pass the National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET-UG).

For all MBBS courses across MBBS colleges in India, NEET-UG is the only accepted entrance test and mode of admission. Therefore, any student who wishes to enroll in the course must ensure that they score well in the respective NEET-UG of the year of admission.


  • Students who wish to apply for MBBS admission through NEET-UG are required to apply by the deadline. The NEET-UG application form can be downloaded from the examination-conducting body's website, the National Testing Agency (NTA).
  • Candidates will be called to participate in the entrance test once they have submitted the application form and all other requisites have been met, which include online correction of NEET-UG forms.
  • The candidates will be able to attempt the NEET-UG entrance exam following the receipt of the appropriate NEET-UG admit card and other necessary documents. The new NEET-UG admit cards will be released in the next few days.
  • There will be a NEET-UG result release after the entrance test and a merit list containing the names of all candidates.
  • The candidates who successfully pass the examinations can apply for AIQ and/or State Quota, allowing them to apply to any number of medical colleges across India or in their state of choice.
  • Candidates will need to register and apply for the counselling process in order to participate in the All India Quota conducted by the MCC. The candidate must log in to the website once registered and choose the colleges and courses they want to pursue
  • Students will be given mock seat allotment processes to confirm their choices and see if their preferred college will be available to them.
  • Once the seat allocation process is complete, the students will be required to lock their choices. After the choices have been locked, they cannot later be changed.

Scope and Career Options for MBBS:

Interns can work with hospitals and healthcare centers as consultants, physicians, as well as medical assistants in critical care units during their MBBS internship year. A health professional may also work in government health campaigns and help the public become aware of diseases, medicines, and good health through conferences.

Graduates of the MBBS curriculum can apply to the Medical Council of India (MCI) to become doctors once their internships are complete. One can pursue a post-graduate medical degree, or one can apply for a medical practitioner degree. Doctors with an MD/MS degree or qualified medical professionals are eligible to continue working.

Additionally, MBBS-degree holders can become research associates with pharmaceutical companies while pursuing further study in medical science. Furthermore, an MBBS graduate has the option of taking the Combined Medical Services Examination. As well as hospitals, the defense sector, railways, and local/state governments, they can also be employed with central government agencies.

Top Companies and Salaries:

  • General Physician: Medical doctors, who study, diagnose, and cure illnesses of patients, can begin their careers upon earning the MBBS degree. Physicians treat minor illnesses at first and refer patients to specialists if the disease is critical after diagnosis. The average salary of a general physician may range from Rs.4 to 5 lakhs per annum.
  • A pediatrician is a medical specialist who treats children and examines their general development and growth. Children are treated by a pediatrician from birth to adolescence, and even beyond. They assist in the early detection of illnesses in developing children and give parents advice on how to care for their children with allergies and food intolerances. Pediatricians provide preventive care, assist special needs children in their development, monitor medication side effects and allergies, and treat children with chronic illnesses and diseases. The initial salary of a pediatrician may range from Rs. 4-5 lakh per annum
  • Medical Assistant (Surgery): Health care professionals interested in specializations such as cardiology, dermatology, oncology, nephrology, neurology, gynecology, ophthalmology may wish to consider becoming medical assistants. In addition to studying, diagnosing, and treating patients according to their medical specialty with modern surgical techniques. Throughout history, renowned surgeons have been able to make medical advances with the help of modern science and technology, which means this career is built on continuous learning and practice. A medical assistant is offered an average of Rs.3-4 lakh per annum as a salary

Top Recruiters:

 Hospitals, Medical Research Centres, and Pharmaceutical Companies are among the top recruiters for MBBS degree holders.

  • Medanta Hospitals
  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd
  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd
  • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre
  • Wockhardt Ltd
  • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd
  • Cipla Ltd
  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the Full form of MBBS?

Answer. MBBS stands for 'Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery' in India. However, MBBS is an abbreviation of Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae, which is the Latin term for this course.

2. Is MBBS Tougher than NEET?

Answer. NEET is a competitive entrance exam that needs to be cracked to qualify for MBBS programs. NEET is tougher to crack as thousands of aspirants compete against limited medical seats.

3. How many years does it take to get an MBBS degree?

Answer. It usually takes 4-6 years to graduate with an MBBS degree.

4. Which is better, MD or MBBS?

Answer. An MD degree is more advanced than an MBBS degree There are some differences between MD and MBBS, though both give medical degrees. The MBBS degree focuses primarily on theory while the MD concentrates more on practical training. The major and necessary degree for practicing medicine is the MBBS degree.

5. Do Medical students get paid?

Answer. The initial salary of a medical graduate doctor may be around Rs. 20,000 to 35,000 per month A candidate can expect to earn between 8 and 10 lakhs per year after gaining experience and understanding of the field.

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