What to do after MBBS ?

In recent times, there is a great dilemma seen among the students of 12th grade when it comes to their career after option Biology as their main subject.
What to do after MBBS ?

What to do after MBBS?

In recent times, there is a great dilemma seen among the students of 12th grade when it comes to their career after option Biology as their main subject. And most of the students choose to do the MBBS program. Also, notions are running from the past times that there are no other career options for MBBS graduates apart from clinical and teaching, which is not true. 

At present time, many people aren’t familiar that medicine is a very vast field giving enormous opportunities and career options to students in recent years. After completing the MBBS degree, there are numerous alternatives for the one to choose from for career options and job opportunities, and higher studies courses.

Here in this article, you will get to know about all the career options and opportunities one can get after doing MBBS.  One of the best courses after MBBS are MD (Doctor of Medicine), Masters in Hospital Administration, MS in Clinical Pathology, Masters in Public Health, M.Tech in Biomedical Engineering and Biological Sciences, and diploma courses in Sports Medicine, Pediatrics, Psychology, Occupational Health, etc. You can also find various alternative career options after MBBS like  Clinical Forensics, Medical Researcher, Academic Medicine. Let’s discuss them one by one. 

Doctor of Medicine (MD) / Master of Surgery (MS):-

  • If one wants to peruse a career in the medical field, then Doctor for medicine ( MD) is the best option to choose. 
  • One can also procure post-graduation in various domains like internal medicine, general surgery, and gynecology.
  • If you are going to pursue a degree in India, then you must clear the entrance exams, like the NEET entrance exam and AIIMS PG. 
  • MD/MS is a 3-year degree program, while the diploma is of 2-years. 


  • Many aspirants opt for an MBA degree after completion of their MBBS program.
  • Retaining an MBA degree gives the aspirant a better knowledge to work with their team and provide the best of their services. 
  • Also, the MBA program furnishes very promising skills in the aspirants to administrate their business. 
  • In many private hospitals and pharmaceutical companies, doctors’ demand for an MBA degree is increasing very sharply.
  • Due to this increase in demand, many MBA organizations are assimilating doctors into their programs.
  • There are several degrees for the medical sector in the MBA, out of which some are mentioned below:-
  • Healthcare Management
  • Hospital Administration
  • Hospital Management
  • Bioinformatics
  • Medical Administration
  • Clinical Research

Clinical Research:-

  • There is a tremendous demand for clinical researchers, as India is a developing country.
  • There are many universities offering research opportunities like ICMR (Indian Council for Medical Research), CCMB (Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology), and  St. John’s Research Institute.
  • Institutes such as the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (TIFR) offers a Ph.D. degree.
  • MHA is a 3-year post-graduate program in Health Administration that furnishes the skills needed in managing big specialty hospitals.

Combined Medical Services (CMS):-

  • If one wants to pursue another educational qualification after the MBBS program but wants to have a budding medical career in reputed government organizations, so they can go for Combined Medical Services which is worth considering. 
  • UPSC moreover administers the exam to recruit aspirants for various posts like General Duty Medical Officer and Assistant Divisional Medical Officer.
  • M.SC:-

Doing an MSc after the MBBS program is also an option. MBBS graduates can opt for a Masters’ degree in any of the following fields mentioned below:

  • Aerospace Medicine
  • Anatomy
  • Anesthesia
  • Biochemistry
  • Dermatology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Geriatrics
  • ENT

Diplomat of National Board (DNB):-

  • DNB is a postgraduate program course offered by the National Board of Examinations and recognized by the MCI.
  • The DNB program is furnished mainly in private hospitals where the amount of exposure is less than the government. Hospitals, especially in surgical branches.
  • DMC Program is evaluated equivalent to an MD/MS program and recognized by the Medical Council of India(MCI).
  • Hence, to pursue the DMC diploma course offered by the National Board of Examinations, the students must clear an MBBS program with 50% minimum marks and clear the CET-NBE.

Masters in Public Health:-

  • Public Health is a popular area of specialization that many students opt to study as a postgraduate medical course.
  • There is a huge variety of choices available after MBBS, doctors now have versatile opportunities to do what they like.
  • Also, with a multitude of opportunities, one can get a medical seat easily.

What after MBBS?

Aspirants generally seek all the possible options available that they can opt for after MBBS. The best programs after MBBS accommodate specialization in MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), and other diploma programs. After completing MBBS, one can either go for Higher studies or search for Job Opportunities. 

Pursuing Higher Studies:-

The most common preference of students after completing an MBBS degree is to continue with their higher studies. While some of them may also opt for traditional specializations or new age specializations that are still growing; whether they wish to pursue post-graduation courses after MBBS in India or abroad. 

Specializations after MBBS:-

  • After completing the MBBS program aspirants willing to study further usually confront a mutual confrontation about what to study after MBBS.
  • But if one knows what to do after MBBS in the early stages will eventually help one to make a conscious judgment.
  • Specializations after the MBBS program may include around 38844 seats in Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), PG Diploma, and DNB CET for lakhs of aspirants who can get admission through various postgraduate entrances annually.
  • Pursuing any renowned specialization after MBBS has become the need of the hour as the demand for consulting a specialist for even treating minor ailments is increasing at present times
  • A total of 872 seats in MD, MS, Master of Dental Surgery (MDS), Doctorate of Medicine (DM), and Master of Chirurgiae (MCh) programs are offered through the INI CET exam.
  • Another alternative of pursuing specialization after MBBS is to take DNB CET (which is conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE).

Various Specializations after MBBS:-

Specializations after MBBS are considerably allocated into three different types- Clinical, Non-Clinical, and Para clinical. The difference among them is whether you are providing direct patient care in terms of giving a direct diagnosis or treatment. Clinical specialization encompasses face-to-face interaction with patients while non-clinical roles require interaction with patients but they do not provide diagnoses. Para clinical fields also do not include much involvement in inpatient care. 

Here are some of the important specialization list given below in different fields:-

MD SpecializationsMS Specializations
Aerospace MedicineENT
AnatomyGeneral Surgery
AnesthesiologyObstetrics & Gynecology
Community medicineOtorhinolaryngology
Dermatology, Venereology & LeprosyTraumatology & Surgery
Emergency Medicine-
Family Medicine-
Forensic Medicine-
General Medicine-
Health Administration-
Hospital Administration-
Immunohematology and Blood transfusion-
Infectious Diseases-
Marine Medicine-
Medical Genetics-
Nuclear medicine-
Palliative Medicine-

Job Opportunities after MBBS

Government Jobs in Health Services Departments:-

  • MBBS graduates can be enrolled in government job outlines in central as well as state health service departments. 
  • Most of the job vacancies in central government are through Combined Medical Services (CMS). 
  • UPSC conducts CMS to compel doctors to a number of central government institutions like Railways, municipal corporations, government hospitals and dispensaries. 
  • Aspirants are assured permanent jobs, and subsequently offer administrative work in government health services. 
  • There are also several state-health-service exams offering job opportunities to students in every state.

Defense Services: Jobs in Army, Navy, and Air Force:-

  • With the changing notion that Defense services are just for engineers or other graduates, they are equal opportunities available for the Doctors also. 
  • The Indian Defense Ministry recruits MBBS graduates for infantry units, army hospitals, and emergency services. 
  • Students who are recruited by the Ministry are trained in military camps and appointed for a permanent position. 
  • This is done to make them work in sync with the army personnel and understand the emergencies where the army and other defense personnel step in to provide relief efforts.

Employment in Hospitals Chains:-

  • Hospital chains operating in the private sector provide tremendous opportunities to doctors who have just completed their MBBS degree and looking for the further process.
  • The topmost hospital chains in the forenamed category are Apollo Hospitals, Fortis Hospitals, and Max Hospitals. 
  • Also, these hospital chains offer generous salaries to the doctors they work with.

Opportunities in Research and Academics:-

  • If you are the one who is keen in research work, it is a very delightful choice to pursue it and join academia towards training and guiding sprouting medical professionals. 
  • Top pharmaceutical corporations offer lucrative opportunities to MBBS graduates in their research and development units. 
  • Not just that various renowned medical institutions including AIIMS, PGIMER, JIPMER, Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), etc. also offer excellent opportunities for research and academics.

Career in Hospital Management:-

  • Aspirants with management skills can opt for Hospital Management career options to strengthen their knowledge of medicine as well as their inclination toward management roles. 
  • It is a well-known fact that if the day-to-day services at hospitals are managed well then their services become more organized and functional. 
  • Many hospitals recruit doctors in such management roles where they deem fit. 
  • Generally, doctors who have completed additional management programs after their MBBS degree are offered these roles. 

Biomedical Engineering and Sciences:-

  • Aspirants having an interest in machines and their mechanisms can try their luck in developing machines and instruments for use in health services. 
  • Such courses intend to develop engineering strategies to advance inventions in the medical field to improve healthcare and patient care.

Self-Employment through Private Practice/ Public Health:-

  • Another option for MBBS aspirants is to set up a clinic or start practicing medicine at a private firm. 
  • Regardless, it is easier said than done, as this comes in with a lot of challenges. 
  • This choice is being opted by medical graduates far and wide to gain hands-on experience and earn money.

Medical Lecturer:-

  • If you are keen to learn and educate others about your profession of medicine then becoming a lecturer to teach other medical students is a lucrative job. 
  • But once you demonstrate some years of experience as a junior and senior medical lecturer you can find yourself in the position of medical professor which demands fewer working hours while the quality of time and financial reimbursement is high.

Medical Writer:-

  • As the healthcare enterprise is on the rise, every institute, hospital, journal, and startup in this sector employs medical articles that constitute the correct proportion of medical terminology that does justice to what is being spoken.
  • And that is why the reason, that being an MBBS graduate you can take up a role as a medical writer in any healthcare-related company, firm, or institute where you will be able to express your knowledge of medicine in a true sense that would justify the cause and vision of the brand that you want to prosper along. 

There is a vast appetite for doctors in the public health sector and it is ever increasing in the last few years. Career opportunities in the medical field include medical social workers, research consultants, entrepreneurs, counselors, trainers, and Psychiatric. Apart from these, one can go for NGOs keeping in mind that not all NGOs offer unpaid jobs. Prominent among them are WHO, UNO, and Médecins Sans Frontières.

Jobs after MBBS in Salary

Career OptionsScope of the Course/ JobAverage Salary
MD or MSDoctors acquire progressive knowledge that helps them in getting better jobs on the basis of their practice. It is a well-known fact that surgeons and qualified physicians are required across the world.Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 3 lakh per month (depending on hospital where the Doctor is employed)
Diploma of National Board(DNB)Individuals with a DNB are less in demand than individuals with MD or MS, however, there are various hospitals and medical facilities that hire qualified DNB holders.Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 45,000 per month
Combined Medical Services(CMS)On clearing the CMA exam and interview, candidates are offered the role of doctors in different government offices such as Railway, Medical Departments, Municipal Corporations, etc.Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 80,000 per month
MBA in Hospital ManagementPursuing an MBA can open your chances of getting jobs in multinational pharmaceutical companies, manage operations at big hospitals such Fortis, Apollo Hospital, etc. One can also choose to work with health insurance organizations.Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 2.5 lakh per month
Clinical ResearchThere are various organizations in India that offer research programs and jobs including Indian Council for Medical Research, AIIMS, TIFR, etc. Jobs are also offered by organizations such as WHO.Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month for fresher’s.
Masters in Health Administration (MHA)Candidates who successfully complete this program are hired to manage big hospitals, health care centers, clinics and insurance companies at high salaries.Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month
Primary Health CentersThere are various primary health centers started by the government as well as private organizations that offer job opportunities to fresh MBBS graduates.Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month
Starting Private ClinicIt is important to do a local survey in order to ensure that the clinic performs well and gives the expected ROI.Rs.30,000 to Rs. 80,000 per month

What to do after MBBS to become a Sergeon?

After completing an MBBS degree and passing NEET PG exam, the next phase is to get a PG degree, with many having aim fixed on MS, which is one the most prominent PG courses after MBBS. In this way one can become a Medical Surgeon.

MS Specializations—

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Orthopedics
  • General Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Traumatology and Surgery

What to do after MBBS if not PG?

  • MD/MS/Diploma- This is the most commonly wanted route after MBBS for students willing to continue with their medical career. 
  • One can also pursue post graduation in various professions like internal medicine, general surgery, obs. & gynecology, Paediatrics, etc. 
  • For becoming eligible to pursue  these professions, one should give AIPGMEE exam, held in December every year. 
  • MD/MS are 3 year degree courses while diploma is a 2 year program.

What to do after MBBS Internship?

After completing the NEET MBBS internship in a recognised hospital, the medical aspirants can pursue higher education like MD, DM, MS, MCh, DNB, Diplomas or fellowships approved by the National Board of Examination (NBE) or Medical Council of India (MCI). Or They can even start practicing at any hospital.

Best Fellowship Courses after MBBS:-

Fellowship is a significant part of one’s career after MBBS program that helps them to attain practical training and knowledge from industry experts, top faculty, and more which is why we have aligned some of the best fellowship programs after MBBS that you can choose to select from. All these courses are designed to help promote practical knowledge to all the MBBS graduates with LVCs, online courses, and modules that you can access all the time.

  • Fellowship in Pediatrics
  • Fellowship in Intensive Care Medicine
  • Fellowship in Gynecology and Obstetrics
  • Fellowship in Family Medicine
  • Fellowship in Emergency Medicine – Edition II
  • Fellowship in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Fellowship in Critical Care Medicine Edition II
  • Fellowship in 2D Echocardiography – Edition II

What to do after MBBS? Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is MBBS good for the future?

Ans. There are good future scopes in the field of medicine. You may be hired by the medical college, hospitals, nursing home, health corporations, health ministry, medical health society, back office medical consultancy and pharmaceutical industries.

2. Do all MBBS get jobs?

Ans. Being an MBBS student, I shall say it is 90 percent confirmed that you will get a government job if you do MBBS from any college, be it private or government. You need to pass all the professional exams along with that you must have good marks in the MBBS professional exams.

3. Do MBBS students get salary?

Ans. MBBS students get paid during that one year of internship only and not in their remaining 4.5 years. The stipend they get during internship varies from college to college. The MBBS students in AIIMS gets the highest stipend during their internship. In AIIMS , Interns get a stipend of around Rs 17,900 per month .

4. What are the disadvantages of a Doctor?

Ans. Some Drawbacks of Being a Doctor

  • Medical School Debt Can Be Substantial. There’s no denying the substantial financial investment it takes to attend medical school.
  • You Have to Make Sacrifices. Long hours come with the territory.
  • Rules and Regulations Can Be Frustrating. 

5. Is it worth pursuing MBA after MBBS?

Ans. As a recent trend, many medical students opt to study MBA after completing an MBBS. MBA is a very good option for exploring management in the medical field. Doctors who get into management can explore careers in hospitals and medical organizations in administration, management, and leadership roles.

6. What is the duration of pursuing MS after MBBS?

Ans. Masters courses after MBBS (diplomas and degrees) are usually of a duration of 1-3 years depending on the nature of specialization.

7. What is the duration of MD after MBBS?

Ans. Postgraduate medical courses after MBBS consists of a degree program of 3 years and a diploma program of 2 years depending on the specialization of the courses.

8. How does an MBBS student join WHO or UNICEF?

Ans. One can fill out an online application form available on the WHO site, at the home page there is an option reading “ careers” . The application form is easy to fill but a bit lengthy.

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