Skip to main content

How Many Years For BDS?

The duration of course of study is 4 years, with 240 teaching days in each academic year, plus one year rotating internship in a dental college. Every candidate will be required, after passing the final BDS Examination, to undergo one year rotating internship in a dental college as detailed given in the annexure-I.

 Saurav Anand 04/06/2022
How Many Years For BDS?

How Many Years For BDS

The duration of course of study is 4 years, with 240 teaching days in each academic year, plus one year rotating internship in a dental college. Every candidate will be  required, after passing the final BDS Examination, to undergo one year rotating internship in a dental college as detailed given in the annexure-The internship shall be compulsory and BDS Degree shall be granted after completion of one year paid Internship. 

What is BDS?

Those who graduate from a BDS program are eligible for a wide range of job opportunities. Upon completion of the degree, they are eligible to work in government or private hospitals as dentists. Pharmaceuticals and medical devices are also possible careers for them. 

Dental surgeons can also start their own practices. Candidates must take the entrance test to be considered for admission to BDS. To apply for BDS admission, one must take the National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET)

According to records of the Dental Council of India, there are 26,000 seats available in BDS courses. Over 315 colleges, including private colleges, government colleges, and central and deemed universities, offer these seats.

BDS Course Highlights

Course nameBachelor of Dental Surgery
Knows asBDS
Course levelUndergraduate
Course typeDegree programme
Course duration5-year
Minimum qualification10+2
Admission processEntrance Exam (NEET)
Average course feeINR 1-6 lakh
Average salaryINR 4-6 lakh
Top recruitersHospitals, Dental Clinics, Educational Institutes, Dental Product Manufacturers etc.

Eligibility Criteria for BDS Course

Candidates must meet specific conditions in order to be admitted to BDS courses provided by institutes/colleges. The following are some of the qualifying requirements:

  • Candidates must have a 10+2 diploma with disciplines such as Chemistry, Physics, and Biology.
  • They must have received at least 50% in their 12th grade.
  • You must be at least 17 years old.
  • NEET certification is required.

BDS Admission Process

Candidates seeking admission to the BDS program must pass an entrance exam. The National Testing Agency makes an online application form available. For admission to an undergraduate dentistry program, candidates must complete the application form by the deadline and take the NEET test. The test is given once a year on a computer. One of the conditions for participating in NEET counselling is meeting the minimal cutoff. Seats are assigned based on rank, applicant preference, seat availability, and reservation conditions.

Admission Process To The Dental Course

A candidate shall be eligible for admission to the course of study for the first year of 

BDS Course Provided:- 

(i) He/ She has completed the age of 17 years on or before 31st December in the year of commencing the prescribed Academic Session of the said course. 

(ii) He/ She has passed the qualifying examination under:- 

(a) The candidates should have passed the Senior Secondary Board Examination under 10+2 system conducted by the C.B.S.E./council for the Indian School Certificate Examination / Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi (Except Patrachar Vidyalaya and Open Schools) with required subjects i.e physics, chemistry, biology, and English (Core). 

(b) The candidate should have studied both 11th and 12th standards from a recognized school situated within the national council Territory of Delhi only, conducting regular classes of 11th and 12th standard with required subjects of physics, chemistry, Biology, and English. 

(c) The candidate must have secured a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, chemistry and biology, however, in respect of candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, the marks obtained in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology taken together in qualifying examination be 40% instead of 50% as above and 45% marks in the case of Other Backward Classes (OBC). 

(d) Any other examination that in scope and standard is found to be equivalent to 10+2 system Examination of an Indian university / Board / foreign university conducting regular classes with regular subjects recognized by the University of Delhi are eligible for admission for the 15% quote (DGHS). 

(iii) The candidates for admission to the BDS course shall be selected on the basis of competitive entrance Examination and admission will be made on a merit basis. 

(iv) The admission to the BDS course shall close on 30th September of the year.

Scheme of Examination:

The scheme of examination for B.D.S. Course shall be divided into 1st B.D.S. examination at the end of the first academic year, 2nd B.D.S. examination at the end of second year, 3rd year B.D.S. examination at the end of third, and Final B.D.S. at the the end of my 4th year. 240 days minimum teaching in each academic year is mandatory. The examination shall be open to a candidatewho satisfies the requirements of attendance, progress and other rules laid down by the University. University shall organise admission timing and admission process in such a way that Teaching starts from the 1st day of August in each academic year.

l B.D.S. Examination

  1. General Anatomy including embryology and histology 
  2. General human physiology and biochemistry 
  3. Dental Anatomy, Embryology and Oral Histology 

Any student who does not clear the first BDS University Examination in all subjects 

within 3 years from the date of admission, shall be discharged from the course.

II B.D.S. Examination

A Candidate who has not successfully completed the 1st BDS Examination can not appear in the 2nd year Examination. 

  1. General pathology and Microbiology 
  2. General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics 
  3. Dental Material 
  4. Preclinical Conservative Dentistry– Only Practical and Viva Voce 
  5. Pre clinical Prosthodontics – Only Practical and Viva Voce 

III B.D.S. Examination

A candidate who has successfully completed the 2nd BDS examination can appear in 3rd BDS Examination. 

  1. General Medicine 
  2. General Surgery 
  3. Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology

BDS: Top Colleges and Course Fee

The top colleges offering BDS course along with the course fee has been enlisted in the table below:

Name of the CollegeAverage Course Fee
Faculty of Dental Sciences, IMS BHU, VaranasiAround INR 1 lakh
Maulana Azad Institute of Medical Sciences, New DelhiINR 1 to 1.5 lakh
Faculty of Dental Sciences King George's Medical University, LucknowINR 1.5 to 2 lakh
Government Dental College and Hospital, MumbaiINR 2 to 2.5 lakh
Dr R Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, KolkataAround INR 1 lakh
Manipal College of Dental Sciences, MengaluruINR 25 to 30 lakh

BDS Private College Fees :-

BDS is the most valuable and most likely course in India. Candidates who want to get admission in BDS fees in  private colleges are required to obtain this full information. So please check this information below:- 

DY Patil Dental College, Pune13.26 L
Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital ,Pune24.08 L
Bhati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital,Pune22.50 L
MA Rangoonwala College of Dental Science and Research Centre ,Pune19.14 L

MDS Course Duration:-

Master of Dental Surgery or MDS is a master degree course in Dentistry. Students who have graduated in Dental Science can do this course to get a deep understanding of dental issues. MDS course duration is three years. Those who have already completed a post graduate diploma recognised by DCI can do this course for two years. MDS degree as recognised by Dental Council of India (DCI) is offered in various specialisations including Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Periodontology, Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Orthodontics and Oral Medicine and Radiology.

In the MDS course, students learn specialisations for diseases related to tooth, jaw and other facial tissues, and other dental issues for maintaining good oral health. Colleges provide admission on the basis of marks in the entrance test. Candidates will have to score the minimum marks to get admission to MDS course. After finishing the course, students get employed easily by hospitals, medical colleges, and private nursing homes.

Syllabus for Bachelor of Dental Science (BDS)

BDS Bachelor of Dental Surgery is divided into 5 years.

Break up: 4 years of academics + 1 year of internship

1st year

  1. Anatomy
  2. Physiology + Biochemistry
  3. Dental Anatomy + Dental Histology

2nd year

  1. Pharmacology
  2. Microbiology + Pathology
  3. Dental material

Total 4 subjects. But 3 papers of 70 marks each.

3rd year

  1. General Medicine
  2. General Surgery
  3. Oral Pathology

Final year (4th year)

  1. Oral Medicine and radiology
  2. Oral and maxillofacial Surgery
  3. Prosthodontics
  4. Periodontics
  5. Public health and community dentistry
  6. Conservative and endodontics
  7. Pedodontics
  8. Orthodontics
  9. Human Physiology
  10. Materials used in Dentistry
  11. Human Oral Anatomy, Physiology, Histology and Tooth Morphology
  12. Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology
  13. Orthodontics
  14. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Career Scope in BDS

The healthcare paradigm is changing due to an increase of diseases. This has resulted in a greater demand for high-quality and convenient medical services. Highly skilled healthcare professionals are in high demand. People in urban areas are particularly concerned about their oral health. BDS is a professional degree program that offers many options for professionals. BDS graduates can choose to work in the private or government sector.

These professionals can choose to work for the Indian Railway, Defence Service or state government jobs. BDS professionals can be found in hospitals, dental clinics and pharmaceutical companies. Some BDS graduates also open their own practice after completing a five-year degree program. You can also pursue higher education, such as a master's degree in dentistry (MDS). You can also opt for related courses like Master in Health Administration and MBA in Healthcare Management.

BDS: Job Profiles and Salary

BDS graduates are easily recruited by hospitals and dental clinics since they have in-depth understanding of dental issues. Those who pursue higher education may eventually pursue a career as a lecturer. Dental professionals are hired for various positions based on their skills and qualifications. They are initially paid INR 30,000 to 40,000, but this increases as they acquire expertise under competent hands. The table below lists some of the job profiles for BDS graduates, as well as their typical salaries:

Job Profiles for BDS Graduates

Job profilesAverage Salary (In INR)
Dentist3.5 to 4.5 lakh
Researcher3 lakh
Lecturer5 lakh
Dental officer in Defense Services9 lakh
Dentist in Indian Railways7 lakh

People Also Ask -

Q. What is the scope of BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)?

Ans. In today's world, where oral health is one of the primary concerns for everyone, the scope of BDS in India and abroad is very high.

Q. What is BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)?

Ans. BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is an undergraduate course for five years duration. Under this degree duration, four years will be for theory and one year will be for a rotatory internship. Dental Council of India (DCI) regulates Dental education in the country.

Q. What is the duration of the course Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) ?

Ans. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) is a 5-year course.

Q. What are the top colleges offering Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) courses ?

Ans. Following are some of the top colleges offering Dental courses: Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Science & Research (Kolkata) , S.D.M. College of Dental Sciences & Hospital (Dharwad) , Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (Rohtak) , Amrita School of Nursing (Kochi) , Shri. Yashwantrao Chavan Memorial Medical and Rural Development Foundation's Dental College & Hospital (Ahmednagar).

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Is BDS a 3 year course?

Ans. BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is a 5-years undergraduate program and the only approved professional dental course in India. It is a compulsory course for the students aspiring to work as dentists at government or private hospitals.

Q. Is BDS a 5 year course?

Ans. BDS ( Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is a 5-year undergraduate program in India. It is the most popular course sought after MBBS ( Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery).

Q. Is the BDS course easier than the MBBS?

Ans. Both courses have the same value. MBBS and BDS are equally difficult and equally easy. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. Whereas, BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental surgery.

Q. Is Neet necessary for BDS?

Ans. BDS is considered one of the most popular career choices among medical aspirants. The one gateway for BDS Admissions in India is through the NEET exam. Therefore, it is mandatory for the candidates to qualify for the same.

Q. Is MBBS required for a dentist?

Ans. To become a dentist, students have to pursue a Bachelor of Dental Surgery ( BDS Degree) or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery courses ( MBBS Degree) in Dentistry. There has been a good demand for dentists not only in India but also abroad.

Q. Can BDS do surgery?

Ans. To practise the profession after completing the professional course of B.D.S in general surgery, it becomes necessary for the students to register with the Dental Council of India. To take admission in BDS in General Surgery students must fulfil the eligibility criteria.


BDS is a 5 years dental program in which students gain full knowledge about the dental department. 


BDS Course Duration in India

This is a five year dental program in which 4 years for academic studies and 1 year for internship. 

Related Videos

People also view:

Enquiry Form

Recent Posts