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ECE & EEE | Differences between ECE and EEE

During the Electrical & Computer Engineering (ECE) program, you can choose subjects such as business, biomedical engineering, computer hardware, the aerospace industry, computer software, nanoelectronic chips, photonics, nanoengineering, robotics, and solar energy harvesting.

 Saurav Anand
 Saurav Anand 14/04/2022
Digital Marketer | Content Specialist & Researcher | Content Marketing @FormsADDA @Formfees- Empowering individuals to unlock the potential of their businesses through the limitless more

During the Electrical & Computer Engineering (ECE) program, you can choose subjects such as business, biomedical engineering, computer hardware, the aerospace industry, computer software, nanoelectronic chips, photonics, nanoengineering, robotics, and solar energy harvesting.

The field of “Electronics and Communication Engineering” is one of the fastest-growing engineering fields. Communication across a channel involves the transmission of information.

A Bachelor of Science in Engineering in Electronics and Communication (ECE) combines Electronics Engineering and Communication Engineering. This course will emphasize communication first because of the knowledge of electronics.

It is an emerging field of engineering that focuses on electronics and communication.

The students go through basic engineering concepts, physics, mathematics, and chemistry in the first half of the course. In the second half of the course, students explore the core concepts of communication such as design, digital electronics, fundamentals of electronics engineering, signal and circuit, electronic circuits, VLSI, power electronics, computer architecture, and control systems.

After completing the UG degree, students are designated as Bachelors of Engineering or Bachelors of Technology, depending on their university.

Math, physics, and computer science are usually included in a bachelor’s degree.

After you have passed your 12th examination in mathematics and science, you can choose Electronics and Communication Engineering.

There are three courses and programs under the category of Electronics and Communication Engineering:

  • A three-year diploma course leading to a polytechnic diploma. (after the 10th or 12th grade)
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) course leading to a four-year degree. (after 12th grade)
  • A 2-year course leading to an M.Tech degree (Master of Technology). (After graduating)
  • A PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) is one of the broad research disciplines in this field.

To enter a PG (M.Tech/M.E/M.S) programme, a B.Tech in Electrical Engineering is required.

Here’s more information on that subject:

  • A diploma in Electronics and Communications Engineering
  • Degree in Electronics Engineering (B.Tech)
  • Electronics & Communication Engineering (B.TECH)
  • Electronics engineering master’s degree (M.Tech)
  • M.Tech. (Master of Technology) in Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD) in Electronics and Communications Engineering

Popular undergraduate courses after 12th:

B.Tech ECE

B.Tech ECE eligibility requirements 

To earn a B.Sc. degree, candidates must meet the following requirements: Tech ECE (Electronics and Communications Engineering) students must meet certain eligibility criteria to be considered for the course. The eligibility criteria for admission to B. Tech ECE (Electronics and Communications Engineering) differs from college to college, and there are certain minimum requirements that applicants must meet to gain admission.

To apply to BTech ECE (Electronics and Communications Engineering), you must meet the following requirements:

  • The candidates must have passed the 12th grade or an equivalent degree from a recognised institution or board.
  • Mathematics and Physics must have been the major subjects in class 12th, with Chemistry, Biology, or Biotechnology as an optional subject.
  • Candidates must have earned at least 60% in the qualifying exam (55% for the reserved candidates). 
  • You can also apply for admission to BTech ECE (Electronics and Communications Engineering) if you are appearing for the final exam or waiting for the final result.

Fees for B. Tech ECE (Electronics and Communications Engineering)

Depending on a variety of factors, including the type of institute, its popularity/ranking and the merit/scholarship the student receives, the fee for a BTech in Electronics and Communications Engineering (ECE) will vary. For example, a student with higher marks in the entrance exam will be offered a higher scholarship, resulting in a lower course fee than students who were accepted directly. A government-based institute, on the other hand, will have lower fees than a private institution. In India, the course fees for BTech ECE (Electronics and Communications Engineering) range from INR 50k to INR 1 lakh.


A study of electronic equipment, systems, machinery, and communication systems forms part of the BE Electronics and Communication Engineering major. The course is similarly curated to other BTech courses considering the length of the course is 4 years.

The course covers diverse topics from creative, interaction, and embodiment designing to instrumentation, robotics, and automation. This course covers basic engineering concepts and techniques such as engineering mathematics, drawing, physics, and chemistry.

An applicant must have a 55% aggregate in the Science Stream with a valid score in JEE Advanced.

Eligibility Criteria for B.E. ECE 

Both merit-based and entrance-based exams are eligible for the eligibility criteria. This course has the following minimum eligibility requirements

  • To be eligible to take the entrance exam, candidates must have Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry in 10+2.
  • B.E. In ECE, a candidate is selected based on the marks he or she achieved in the 12th grade.
  • Combination subjects requiring a minimum score of 60% are required.


In the field of engineering study, “Electrical & Electronic Engineering” is a growing field of study. Electrical engineering and electronics engineering are included in it.

Electrical engineering is its origin. With the modernization of the world and the computerization of our work field, we need to use and understand circuits and electronic devices in the electrical & electronic fields.

Power is a crucial component of electrical and electronics engineering (EEE). Various sources of energy exist, including wind, solar, gas, hydro, fuel cells, and geothermal energy. Power and energy are used, stored, and generated.

Electrical & Electronic Engineering is concerned with the study & application of power & devices.

Electrical and electronics engineering are fast-growing and most popular engineering disciplines. It is closely related to the field of electronics engineering as well as electrical engineering. The total duration of the course is four to five years.

Upon completion of the undergraduate degree, students are awarded a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech). Bachelor degrees usually include physics, mathematics, computer science, and project management.

In Electrical & Electronics Engineering, there are so many specializations to choose from after receiving a bachelor’s degree.

  • After you have completed your 10 or 10+2 exams with mathematics and physics, you can choose Electrical & Electronics Engineering.
  • Electrical & Electronics Engineering is divided into four courses/programs based on academic criteria:
  • A three-year diploma course leading to a polytechnic diploma. (after the 10th or 12th grade)
  • Courses leading to the B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) degree lasting four years. (after 12th grade)
  • This degree is awarded after two years of PG studies (Master of Technology). (After graduating)
  • PhD programs of half a year or one year (after graduation) leading to the PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) degree.

Undergraduate courses include electromagnetics, network analysis, electronic devices and circuits, signals and systems, control systems, and analogue and digital communications.


In B.Tech EEE students study the design of electrical machines, automation design, electric appliance design, electronic device manufacture, electrical vehicle manufacturing, humanoid robot construction, circuit analysis, electrical system analysis, power plant maintenance, hydroelectric plant maintenance, and communication design.

During the Bachelor of Technology in EEE program, the following important subjects are covered: Semiconductor Physics, Digital System Design, Circuit Analysis, Power System, Digital Electronics, Embedded Systems, etc.

Admission to the B.Tech EEE course is open to students who have passed 10+2 in the PCM stream with a minimum of 50%.

Admission in colleges is mainly determined by Engineering Entrance Exams such as JEE Main and Advanced at the national level and by different examinations conducted by universities or states.

B.Tech EEE Eligibility 

To become a EEE student, you must meet various eligibility criteria determined by each institution.

Candidates should have completed their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with PCM as their main subject and an average of 55%.

A candidate who wishes to be eligible for admission to top-ranked institutes must clear the entrance test cut-off.


B.E. Electrical and Electronics Engineering is a 4-year under-graduation level degree aimed towards imparting knowledge and applying the concepts of electrical and electronics engineering to solve industry-related problems and issues.

The eligibility criteria required for the B.E. EEE course is that the interested candidate must pass 10+2 Boards with Science as the major discipline with at least 45%-50% marks from any well-known and recognized Institute or Board or any of its equivalent. 

The admission process is done through Online and Offline mode. Admission is either Merit-based or Entrance-Based, it varies according to the institute. The course is completed after undergoing 8 different semesters.

B.E. EEE: Eligibility Criteria

The basic B.E. Electrical and Electronics Engineering Eligibility Criteria are that:

The interested candidates must have completed their class 12th/10+2 with Science as a major discipline with at least a minimum aggregate of at least 45% – 50% marks from any recognized and approved Board OR any of its equivalents from known and recognized institutes.

Few of the institutions/colleges might also consider the individual score in each subject particularly and some institutes might judge based on score scored in the entrance test by the candidate.

Difference Between EEE & ECE :

It includes analogue transmission, basic electronics, solid-state devices, microprocessors, digital and analogue communication, analogue integrated circuits, satellite communication, microwave engineering, antennas, and wave progression. Additionally, it manufactures electronic devices, circuits, and communication equipment.

Electrical engineering includes electrical technology and machines, circuit analysis, electronics, electromagnetism, electrical engineering materials, instrumentation, control systems, power engineering, and transmission and distribution.

A real electrical circuit and a heavy-duty machine are needed to perform EEE. Theory and hard work are important aspects of it.

In contrast, in computer engineering, you deal with circuits and transistors, along with millions of wiring. The first year focuses on basic electronic devices and circuits, which vary from college to college but are the same for both branches. Even after the first year, anyone can switch freely between them according to their interests. Colleges also have their own criteria, but some are universal.

In spite of the fact that EEE is a rare branch and only 3- 5 colleges out of 10 offer this branch, ECE is offered in most of the colleges (7-9 out of 10).

The syllabus of EEE in the second and third years mainly deals with EM principles, electrical machines, pulses, motors and generators, utilisation of electrical energy, gear switching and protection, and power systems.

Students pursuing ECE in the third and fourth years learn mainly about digital electronics, embedded systems, control systems, and VLSI design.

Both branches of the EE program offer elective subjects (you must pick two of them) that cover core knowledge of the branch as well as microprocessors and microcontrollers in the 4th year. You choose these electives to determine your specialisation and placement.

In EEE, there is not a lot of competition, and there are lots of jobs available. Those who graduate from electrical engineering programs are employed by utilities as power handlers, tasked with installing, maintaining, and operating electrical systems. Electric machine and equipment manufacturing companies employ engineers for design, production, and testing. Individuals dreaming of JTOs (Junior Training Officers), DRDOs (Defense Research and Development Organizations), ISROs (Indian Space Research Organizations), NTPCs, PGCILs, and BHELs can enrol. The EEE program is a good choice. Additionally, they may be able to find employment in the IT field.

ECE: There are many opportunities to land government jobs in ECE. Electronic engineers can work for the Government, State governments, state-sponsored corporations, and private companies involved in the manufacture, sale, and service of consumer electronics. Electronic engineers are also employed in broadcasting, research establishments, and defence.


Different ECE jobs are in high demand in the market, and different industries need ECE engineers who can assist them in the latest technologies. Electronic engineers are in greater demand due to the advancement in technology day by day.

As computer science involves a lot of programming, many people move from CSE to ECE, but vice versa is very rare. Students who study Electronics & Communication benefit from their degree. Engineers are in great demand in this field.

In Electronics Engineering, there are quite a few advanced sub-fields such as Embedded Systems, which combine software and hardware, VLSI CHIP LEVEL DESIGN, IoT, and Robotics, among others. Any of these branches would be a good choice as it is a job field that combines computer science and electrical engineering. Electronics Engineers, Electronics & Communication Engineers, Electronics Design & Development Engineers, Desktop Support Engineers, and System Control Engineers have high salaries and better career opportunities in this industry.

Any branch of engineering that integrates electronics is considered an evergreen branch of engineering. Bharat Heavy Electrical’s Limited (BHEL), Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Wipro, HCL, ISRO, SYNTEL, WIPRO offer opportunities for electronics engineers.

As for ECE, it involves some electronics and some electrical study as well as some communications study. After completing a in the ECE branch, students of top engineering colleges in Delhi NCR can get a job with Google and Microsoft, top-level IT companies. Additionally, engineering graduates have a high probability of being hired by the government.

If you have strong communication and circuit skills, ece is a good program for you. ECE covers a wide range of topics. A career in IT, airlines, telecommunications, or any other of these can be pursued. Electronics and communication engineers can also find employment in the Indian armed forces. Having a B.Tech in ECE opens up many career opportunities. Graduates of electronics can choose from any one sector. Many sectors provide opportunities for employees to improve their skills. An Electronics Engineer earns an average salary of Rs 1500 per hour. Engineers earning Rs 350,000 per year on average make up the Electronics Engineering profession.

A high level of effort, an ideal solution theory mind, a methodical approach, complex problem-solving skills, critical thinking, aptitude for maths, communication skills, IT proficiency, time management, and the ability to prioritize and plan work are some of the qualities required of an ECE engineer.

You’ll be prepared for a wide variety of engineering studies and careers with an ECE Career

Business, computer hardware, biomedical engineering, and the aerospace industry are good choices. Also, a Computing software, nano-electronic chips, photonics, nano-engineering, robotics, and solar energy, Energy harvesting, etc.


Imagining your life without electricity and consumer durables like televisions, refrigerators, microwaves, etc., would seem mundane and difficult to handle. That’s the case, isn’t it?  Electronic appliances and electricity have become essential items in our daily lives. Electrical and electronics engineering have also expanded rapidly in the last decade as we become more reliant on electrical and electronic devices. When it comes to the job quotient in the various sectors of electrical and electronics engineering, it is ever-increasing to meet the increasingly diverse needs of the consumers in India as well as abroad. Whatever the setting, electrical engineering plays an important role in almost any sector, from transport to banking to other private and public sectors, including educational institutions.  

This is true not just in the present, but also in the future. The scope of electrical engineers will remain unchanged by factors like technological advancements, economic recession, etc. Therefore, electrical engineering is one of the burgeoning fields of engineering in the coming future, so students looking to pursue engineering education after 12thstandard can go for it without a doubt. You can take the first step to your future by applying to B.Tech Electrical Engineering programs.

B.Tech graduates in India usually earn around INR 3.8 lakhs per annum. Salary packages, however, depend on the following factors:

  • The reputation of the college
  • Project for the final year
  • Skill Sets
  • Communicating Skills
  • Grades a student receives
  • A specialized area of expertise
  • Title of Job

Since many industries require electrical and electronics engineers to operate successfully, the scope of EEE after B.Tech is broad. To give an idea of the variety of fields in India that employ B.Tech EEE graduates, here is a list of industries.

Recruitment takes place in the following areas:

  • Industries related to automobiles
  • The medical industry
  • The automation industry
  • Industry of Robotics
  • Industry of power generation
  • Industry of machinery

Frequently Asked Questions

1.Which is easier EEE or ECE?

It is easier to learn ECE than EEE. Many EEE subjects don’t have textbooks, so one might have to consult several reference books to learn.

In ECE, the books are readily available locally, and there are coaching classes available for many subjects.

2.Which has more scope in future EEE or ECE?

Both ECE and EEE are good branches. ECE will continue to have a good scope in the future, but EEE will now have more scope than ECE. In EEE there are many government jobs, but ECE has few government jobs.

3.What is the difference between electrical engineering and electronics and communication engineering?

Electronic engineering is a broader field that includes both electronics and other related fields, like power systems, signal processing, and communications.

Typically, electronics engineering is more focused on the design, optimization, and management of electronic devices.

4.Is ECE better than electrical?

When you study EE, you would be working for the public sector or engaged in research. It is the core branch of many branches.

Even though ECE is a broader field since new technologies are emerging and devices are getting smaller, it is what one thinks of when silicon chips and circuits are mentioned, and you could also pursue your interest in coding in this field.

Therefore, ECE is better than EE.

5.Which is the easiest engineering?

Since it isn’t heavily focused on advanced math and physics, environmental engineering is generally considered to be one of the less challenging engineering majors to pursue.

6.Which engineering has the highest salary?

Aerospace engineers earn an average starting salary of between £20,000 and £28,000. With experience, this can rise from £28,000 to £40,000. In addition, the chartered status will have you earning over £60,000. You may have the opportunity to work with some of the most prestigious and well-known companies in the world if you work for a larger company.

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